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SUPPORTING ECOFEMINISM: WHO PLAYS THE ROLE IN EMPOWERING THE LIVING-ENVIRONMENT CARETAKERS’ FEMALE COMMUNITY IN SURAKARTA?
Anggi Ayu Intan Pramesti - - - Fak. ISIP
Living environment conservation has become the attention of government, society and household. All of these parties have important role in conserving the living environment. Women who constitute important element within households haven’t frequently been awarded opportunity to actively participate in environment conservation activities since theyare marginalized. Meanwhile women have basic characteristics that can make
them stay closeto nature through domestic roles they undertake, such as gathering food and firewood, getting some water and looking after their children. Therefore, women frequently form groups in the society to empower themselves through conserving the living environment (eco-feminismmovement), such as Kelompok Perempuan Joyosuran (Joyosuran Female Group) and Komunitas Perempuan Kelurahan Kemlayan (Kemlayan sub-district Female Community). The research identifies the roles of Surakarta local government, SPEK-HAM non-governmentorganization (NGO) and families in empowering Kemlayan sub-district Female Community and Joyosuran Female Group regarding the living-environment maintenance in Surakarta. The primary data were collected through interviews with Joyosuran Female Group and Kemlayan sub-district Female Community members, Surakarta local government, SPEK HAM NGO and the families of the community members. The secondary data were collected through library studies. The analysis technique employed is Naila Kabeer’s model to identify to what extent is the role of the local government’s institutions, society and families in the process of women empowerment. The research result shows that 1) Surakarta local government plays the role in budgetary, regulations and supporting programs; 2) families has a role to provide support; 3) SPEK-HAM NGO has a role in forming the living-environment caretakers’ female community, providing fund and infrastructure of the program, becoming the intermediary between the society and the local government, conducting workshops and discussions, and also conducting programs such as trees planting, river reservation, trash sorting and recycling.The research concludes that SPEK HAM NGO has more dominant role in reinforcing Kemlayan sub-district Female Community and Joyosuran Female Group than that of Surakarta local government and families.
Keywords: Ecofeminism, living-environment conservation, family’s role, society role, government role