Ajaran moral KGPAA Mangkunagara IV bagi masyarakat jawa pada era global

Oleh :
Edy Tri Sulistyo - 195607171986011002 - Fak. KIP

This research aims at studying the understanding and response of the Javanese society to the moral teachings of KGPAA Mangkunegara IV in serat Wedhatama in this globalization era.  The strategy used in this research is an embedded case study research.  The data source made use in this research is the text in Serat Wedhatama.  The data taken from  literary studies is used to study the objective and genetic factors and  the information obtained  from  cultural observers, lecturers of regional literature, members of Mangkunegaran palace is used to study the affective factor.  The sampling technique used in this study was purposive sampling, while the data was collected  through  in-depth  interviews  and  Focus  Group  Discussion  (FGD),  and  then  was analyzed using holistic critical analysis (Sutopo, 2006).  The validity of the data was endorsed using  the    triangulation  method.  The  results  showed  that  the  moral  teachings  of KGPAA Mangkunegara IV had a close relation to God Almighty,  the wise method of social intercourse, nobleman in spirit,  respect for other's opinion and struggle for life.  The  moral teachings  of KGPAA  Mangkunegara  IV  summarized  from  Serat  Wedhatama  are  as  follows:  (1)  moral teachings in  the  forms  of   advices,  guidance,  persuasion,  and  messages;  (2)  warning;  (3) prohibition;  (4) criticism;  (5)  statements,  and  (6) teachings.  The  moral  teaching  offered is generally in the  form of a  suggestion through a  metaphor.  The  suggestion  given  uses the method of esem mantri which  means the smile  of   punggawa mantri  and semu bupati  which means the regent's amusing face.

Key  words  : moral teachings,  Serat Wedhatama,  Tembang Macapat,  sanepa,  esem mantra, punggawa mantra, and semu bupati