Penulis Utama : Zumalal Laeli
Penulis Tambahan : -
NIM / NIP :
Tahun : 2003
Judul : An analysis on the use of second-person personal addresses in film entitled top gun (a sociolinguistics approach)
Edisi :
Imprint : Surakarta - Fak. Sastra - 2003
Kolasi :
Sumber : UNS-Fak. Sastra NIM.C0397071
Subyek : SOSIOLINGUISTIK -PENELITIAN
Jenis Dokumen : Skripsi
ISSN :
ISBN :
Abstrak :

This research was conducted to describe the use of addresses by the characters in the film, the communicative functions of the addresses and the social meanings of the addresses.

This research is based o n the sociolinguistics study with microsociolinguistics as the scope of the analysis. The researcher also employed some other supporting theories related to the matter discussed, namely ethnography of communication, social dimensions of communication, style of speech, address terms and domain of language use.

This research used a descriptive qualitative method. The source of data was the film entitled Top Gun. The data were dialogs containing second-person personal addresses spoken by the characters in the film. The researcher used a purposive sampling technique, which is all of the phenomenon of second-person personal addresses in the data was used as the sample. After 65 dialogs were taken, the data were classified based o n position of the characters in the social communication and subdivided into the kinds of address terms used.

After analyzing the data, the researcher found that the results of the analysis are as follows:

Firstly, the use of second-person personal addresses by characters in the film Top Gun was applied to five categories of social communication, namely U.S. Navy superior officers to subordinate officers, U.S. Navy subordinate officers to superior officers, among U.S. Navy equal officers, common people to U.S. Navy officers and U.S. Navy officers to common people. Addresses done by the U.S. Navy superior officers toward subordinate officers use various kinds of second-person personal address terms such as title, title plus full name, title plus last name, full name, last name, call sign and multiple names. Meanwhile, addresses done by the U.S. Navy subordinate officers toward superior officers use limited kind of second-person personal address term. Almost all of the addresses done by the U.S. Navy subordinate officers toward superior officers use address term of title and o nly in o ne case use the superior officer’s call sign. Addresses done by the U.S. Navy officers toward other equal officers use several kinds of address terms such as last name, first name, call sign and multiple names. Addresses done by the common people toward the Navy aviator officers use address term of the aviators’ call signs. Then, addresses done by the Navy aviator officers toward the common people use address term of the common people’s first name, and multiple name.

Secondly, communicative functions of the addresses done by the U.S. Navy superior officers toward subordinate officers are to show formality, to identify the addressee as a Navy officer according to his military rank, to show power, to warn the addressee, to tease the addressee, to disparage the addressee, to show pride toward the addressee, and in certain cases to show solidary toward the addressee and to persuade the addressee. Meanwhile communicative functions of the addresses done by the U.S. Navy subordinate officers toward superior officers are to show formality, to show respect toward the addressee, to show obedience, to show politeness, and, in o ne case, to mock the superior officer without his recognition. Communicative functions of the addresses done by the U.S. Navy officers toward other equal officers are to show solidary, to make contact during aviation, to show sympathy toward the addressee, to insult the addressee, to humiliate the addressee, to persuade the addressee, and to show intimacy toward the addressee. Communicative function of the addresses done by the common people toward the Navy aviator officers is to show solidary. Then, communicative functions of the addresses done by the Navy aviator officers toward the common people are to show solidary and to show intimacy toward the addressee.

Thirdly, social meanings of the addresses done by the Navy superior officers toward the Navy subordinate officers are included in dimensions of formality scale, social status scale, function scale and social distance scale. Meanwhile, social meanings of the addresses done by the Navy subordinate officers toward the Navy superior officers are included in dimensions of formality scale, social status scale, social distance scale, and function scale. Social meanings of the addresses done by among the Navy equal officers are included in dimensions of social distance scale, social distance scale and function scale. Social meaning of the addresses done by the common people toward the Navy officers is included in dimension of social distance scale. Social meanings of the addresses done by the Navy officers toward the common people are included in dimensions of social distance scale and function scale.

The results of analysis o n the use of second-person personal addresses in the film Top Gun show an implication that the position of addressers toward addressees in their community brings about variation in the use of second-person personal addresses during their communication.

There are still many cases about the use of addresses to be explored. It is suggested to other researchers interested in sociolinguistics to conduct a study o n the use of addresses in other certain English-speaking communities depicted in many other movies.

Firstly, the use of addresses by characters in the film entitled Top Gun was applied to five categories of social communication, namely U.S. Navy superior officers to subordinate officers, U.S. Navy subordinate officers to superior officers, among U.S. Navy equal officers, common people to U.S. Navy officers and U.S. Navy officers to common people. The Navy superior officers address the Navy subordinate officers used various address terms such as title, title plus full name, title plus last name, full name, last name, call sign and multiple names. Meanwhile, the Navy subordinate officers address the Navy superior officers used mostly address term of title and o nly in o ne case used the superior officer’s call sign. The Navy officers address other equal Navy officers used address terms such as last name, first name, call sign and multiple names. The common people address the Navy aviator officers used address term of the aviators’ call signs. Then, the Navy aviator officers address the common people used address terms of first name and multiple name.

Secondly, communicative functions of the addresses done by the Navy superior officers toward the Navy subordinate officers were to show formality, to identify the addressee as a Navy officer according to his military rank, to show power, to warn the addressee, to tease the addressee, to disparage the addressee, to show pride toward the addressee, and in certain cases to show solidary toward the addressee and to persuade the addressee. Meanwhile communicative functions of the addresses done by the Navy subordinate officers toward the Navy superior officers were to show formality, to show respect toward the addressee, to show obedience, to show politeness, and, in o ne case, to mock the superior officer without his recognition. Communicative functions of the addresses among the equal Navy officers were to show solidary, to make contact during aviation, to show sympathy toward the addressee, to insult the addressee, to show sympathy toward the addressee, to humiliate the addressee, to persuade the addressee, and to show intimacy toward the addressee. Then, communicative function of the addresses done by the common people toward the Navy aviator officers was to show solidary. Communicative functions of the addresses done by the Navy aviator officers toward the common people were to show solidary and to show intimacy toward the addressee.

Thirdly, social meanings of the addresses done by the Navy subordinate officers toward the Navy superior officers were included in dimensions of formality scale, social status scale containing power relationship between participants, function scale containing negative affective message toward the addressee, function scale containing positive affective message toward the addressee, social distance scale containing distant solidarity relationship between the participants and social distance scale containing close solidarity relationship between the participants. Meanwhile, social meanings of the addresses done by the Navy subordinate officers toward the Navy superior officers were included in dimensions of formality scale, social status scale containing power relationship between participants, social distance scale containing distant solidarity relationship between the participants, and function scale containing negative affective message toward the addressee. Social meanings of the addresses done by among the Navy equal officers were included in dimensions of social distance scale containing close solidarity relationship between the participants, social distance scale containing distant solidarity relationship between the participants, function scale containing positive affective message toward the addressee, and function scale containing negative affective message toward the addressee. Social meaning of the addresses done by the common people toward the Navy officers was included in dimension of social distance scale containing close solidarity relationship between the participants. Social meanings of the addresses done by the Navy officers toward the common people were included in dimensions of social distance scale containing close solidarity relationship between the participants and function scale containing positive affective message toward the addressee.

It is suggested to other researchers interested in sociolinguistics to conduct a study o n the use of second-person personal addresses in other certain English speaking communities depicted in many other movies.

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