Freudian Latent Phase In Wilderness As Portrayed In William Golding’s Lord Of The Flies

Oleh :
Jotika Purnama Yuda - C0305037 - Fak. Sastra dan Seni Rupa

One’s personality development and its influence in life is one of the psychological issue portrayed in the literary work. The characterization of the characters especially the age range in William Golding’s The Lord of the Flies resembles the same range as what in Freudian personality development as the latent phase. The variable of the setting given in the novel, a deserted island, provide an extensive elaboration of the theory. The research is focused on the psychological features of the major characters, its development, and its influence in relation with the theory and the variable given within the novel. The thesis is aimed to finding out the alternate development of the characters within the latent phase with the different variable given, the social environment of wilderness. The thesis was a descriptive qualitative library research. The researcher used psychological approach to analyze the development of the main characters’ personality features and its influence to the other characters and its social environment. The source of data of the research was a novel by William Golding entitled The Lord of the Flies. The main data were taken from the source of data which implied the personality features of the characters and its development along the novel progresses. The main data were analyzed based on the supporting data which were taken from books, articles, essays, critics, and other related writings. From the research, it is found out that in wilderness, eventually the main characters with dominant personality feature of id gain more influence and domination than the other major characters. The other major characters with dominant ego and superego gain influence at the early phase when the atmosphere of civilization is still around but continually losing it as the novel progresses. From the analysis, it is implied that without the boundary of civilization, people will fall into a recessive form of development, savagery.