Abstrak


The United States Of America’s Interest Toward The Refusal Of Ottawa Treaty


Oleh :
Astri Sinta Dewi - C.0305018 - Fak. Sastra dan Seni Rupa

research were to find out the reasons why United States of America refused to sign Ottawa treaty. This research used a qualitative one with library research as the method meaning that this research used collected data in analyzing the research question by presenting, collaborating, and analyzing them. The data source of the research was a treaty with its official name “Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction”. The main data of this research was the text of the treaty, while the supporting data was taken from books, magazines, newspapers, articles, journals, and the internet sources that had significances in helping to answer the research question. The research used historical, socio-political, foreign policy approaches and ultimate decision unit theories to answer why United States of America refused to sign Ottawa Treaty. Derived from the analysis, it was found that the interests why the U.S refused Ottawa Treaty are the significance of landmines militarily, securing South Korea as the U.S ally, and American economic interest. It was further analyzed by using the ultimate decision unit theory to know the actors behind the decision making process and factors contribute to it. The type of ultimate decision unit in this decision making process is multiple autonomous actors. The interest of the U.S in refusing Ottawa Treaty was analyzed through the perspective of President and Congress as the authorized decision makers in the case of the treaty. President Bill Clinton maintains the United States of America’s security and economy, while, Congress maintains humanitarian reason and the U.S responsibility as superpower. The relationship among those multiple autonomous actors is included as a zero sum. To legitimate his decision on the case of his refusal toward Ottawa treaty, Bill Clinton issued his PDD/NSC-64 on Humanitarian Demining. By issuing PDD/NSC-64, it shows that there is another type of ultimate decision unit namely single group.