Abstrak


THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE PROCESS APPROACH IN TEACHING WRITING VIEWED FROM STUDENTS’ DEGREE OF CREATIVITY


Oleh :
Arina Rohmatika - S.89100800 - Pascasarjana

This research is aimed at finding out whether (1) process approach is more effective than product approach in teaching writing for the eighth grade students of SMP Terpadu Ponorogo; (2) the eighth grade students of SMP Terpadu Ponorogo having high creativity have better writing skill than those having low creativity; and (3) there is interaction between teaching approaches and students’ creativity to teach writing. The method applied in this research was experimental Study. The research was conducted at SMP Terpadu in the academic year of 2011/2012. The population of the research is the eighth grade students of SMP Terpadu Ponorogo. Two samples were taken by using cluster random sampling technique. The class Darwin was used as the experimental class and class Pascal as the control class. Each of classes consists of 28 students. In collecting the data, several steps were applied: (1) giving creativity test to know students’ degree of creativity; (2) conducting teaching approaches to the students; (3) carrying out post test (4) analyzing the students’ writing skills. The data were obtained from creativity test and writing test. Furthermore, to analyze the data, the researcher applied descriptive and inferential statistics using ANOVA and Tukey’s test. The result of the research findings leads to the conclusions that: (1) Process approach does not differ significantly from product approach to teach writing for the eighth grade students of SMP Terpadu Ponorogo; (2) The students having high creativity have better writing skills than of those who have low creativity; (3) There is an interaction between teaching approaches and students’ creativity in teaching writing for the eighth grade students of SMP Terpadu . Finally, the results of this research imply that the students having high creativity have better writing skills than those having low creativity. Furthermore, the students’ psychological aspect, in this case is creativity, gave strong influences to the students’ writing skills. Thus, it is recommended that in order to get maximum result and effect on students’ writing skills, teachers are suggested to apply appropriate approaches by considering students’ characteristics especially based on their degree of creativity. Moreover, teachers are suggested to be more creative and innovative in using or even blending the various kinds of teaching approaches. For other researchers, it is hoped that these research findings can be used as a reference for future researches. Moreover, other researchers may conduct researches viewed from other psychological aspects.