Improving Students’ Reading Comprehension using SQ3R Method (A Classroom Action Research at the Ninth Grade Students of SMP Negeri 05 Surakarta in the Academic Year of 2011/2012)

Oleh :
Evi Falenti - X2210011 - Fak. KIP

The objectives of the research are (1) to identify whether the use of SQ3R method can improve students‟ reading comprehension for the students of SMP Negeri 05 Surakarta or not; and (2) to describe what happens during the implementation of SQ3R method in improving students‟ reading comprehension.This study was conducted on the basis of the preliminary study in SMP N 5 Surakarta in which the researcher found that almost all of the students of the third grade of class B got difficulty in understanding such text. They got difficulties in finding main idea, detail information, understanding the meaning of unfamiliar words, finding reference and implied meaning of the text in the different proportion. Their reading comprehension scores andthe class mean scores in the pre-test were below thepassing grade of 71 which was 60.61. As an attempt to overcome the students‟ difficulty in reading comprehension, theresearcher implemented SQ3R method (survey, question, read, recite, and review). The research was carried out at SMP N 5 Surakarta. It was conducted from October 3, 2011 to November 21, 2011. The method used in this research is a classroom action research. The action research was carried out in two cycles with total 9 meetings. Every cycle consists of several steps: identifying problem, planning, action, observation, and reflection. In collecting the data, the researcher used observation, questionnaires, interviews, and test. The tests were conducted before the action (pre-test) and after the action (post-test). For qualitative data which were gotten from the observation, interviews, and questionnaires such as description, interpretation, reflection toward what was happening in the teaching and learning process were analyzed by using categorizing analysis. Meanwhile, quantitative method was used to analyze the data from the scores of pre-test and post-test. The result of the analysis was compared to the criteria of success defined in this study to see whether they were achieved or not. The research findings show that SQ3R method can improve: (1) the students‟ reading comprehension which deals with: (a) the students are able to find the main idea; (b) they are able to find the detail information; (c) they can guess and understand the meaning of unfamiliar word used in the text; (d) They can find the reference of the pronoun; and (e) they can find the implied information of the text; and (2) class situation which deals with: (a) the studentsbecome actively involved in class;(b) the class situation becomes organized and effective to study; and (c) the teaching and learning process becomes more enjoyable for the students. The students‟ reading comprehension improvement is also justified by the result of the tests scores computation. The students‟ mean score were not only able to reach the KKM but also could be higher than the KKM. The mean of the students‟ scores in reading vi comprehension improved from 60.61 in the pretest to 70.5 in cycle 1 and 80.06 in cycle 2. This research shows there are improvements in students‟ reading comprehension and situation of the class. For that reason, it is recommended that the English teacher should apply certain effective technique and create an enjoyable situation in the teaching and learning process so that the students can learn effectively and involve actively in class. By using SQ3R method, the process of study can run effectively and the students will not be bored. Automatically, the teaching and learning process runs well and the objectives can be achieved.