A Thesis Improving Students’ Writing Skillondescriptive Texts Using Short Videos (A Classroom Action Research Conducted at the Eighth Grade Students in SMP Islam Diponegoro Surakarta in the Academic Year of 2011-2012)

Oleh :
Laras Pratama Apriliawati - X2207036 - Fak. KIP

The aims of the research are to find out whether the use of short videos can improve the students’ writing skill in learning English at the eighth grade students of SMP Islam Diponegoro Surakarta, and to find outwhat happens to the class when short videos are used to improve students’ writing skill. The approach used in this research is classroom action research. The research was carried out in two cycles, in the first cycle there were four meetings and in the second cycle there were three meetings. Every cycle consists of four steps; planning, implementing, evaluation, and reflection. It was conducted from July to September 2011.There were 27 students as the subjects of the research. The data were in the form of qualitative and quantitative data. The qualitative data were collected from observation, questionnaires, interviews, field notes and photographs. At the pre-observation, it was found that the students had dificulties in: (1) explore their ideas; (2) organizing the text; (3) producing grammatically correct sentences; (4) choosing proper word in writing; (5) use mechanic.The quantitative data were collected from the scores of pre-test and post-tests. The pre-test was conducted before the action and post-test after the action. The researcher analyzed the mean score of each test to find out the improvement of students’ writing skill after the action was conducted. The research findings showed that short videos could improve students’ writing skill and the class situation during the teaching learning process. It could be seen from the result of the test which improved.The mean score of the pre-test was58.44, the mean score of the post-test cycle 1 was67.59 and the mean score of the post-test cycle 2 was72.85.After the students watched the videos; the students got the stimulus about certain topics so that they could easily organize the ideas into a descriptive text based on the videos given. They could also arrange better paragraphs based on the generic structure of descriptive texts. The studentscould produce grammar the correct sentences.Students had little confusion in vocabulary and the last the students could use mechanic (punctuation and spelling) The researcher hopes that the findings of this research can enrich the teacher’s technique in improving students’ writing skill and enrich the knowledge and experience for other researchers and readers.