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Abstrak


The Effectiveness of Using “Fun English”, an Audio Visual Media in Teaching Listening Viewed From Students’ Habit of Listening to English Songs (An Experimental Study at SMK PPS 1 Ngawi in The Academic Year of 2011/2012)


Oleh :
Muqrobin - S891008056 - Pascasarjana

The objectives of research are to find out whether: (1) using video “Fun English” is more effective than using Audiotape to teach listening at SMK PPS 1 Ngawi in the academic year of 2011/2012; (2) the students who have good habit of listening to English songs have better listening comprehension than those who have bad habit of listening to English songs at SMK PPS 1 Ngawi in the academic year of 2011/2012; and (3) there is an interaction between teaching media and students’ habit of listening to English songs in teaching listening comprehension at SMK PPS 1 Ngawi in the academic year of 2011/2012. Related to the aims of the research, an experimental method was carried out in SMK PPS 1 Ngawi. The population was the students of the eleventh grade which consisted of three classes; each class consisted of 38 students. The sample from two classes was taken by using cluster random sampling. To determine experimental and control class the researcher made a rank list from those two classes and then made a lot for each rank for the experimental class and control class. The experimental group was taught by using Video “Fun English”, while the control group was taught using audiotape. The instrument for collecting the data on students’ habit of listening to English songs was a close typed questionnaire, while the instrument for collecting data of listening test was a multiple choice test. Before the instruments were used, a tryout had been administered to know the validity and reliability of the instruments. The validity of the questionnaire and the listening test was analyzed with the Biserial Point Correlation formula. And then, to know the reliability of the questionnaire the writer used Alpha Formula, while for the reliability of the listening test was measured by using KR21 formula. Based on that formula, it was found that all of 46 items in the students’ habit of listening to English songs questionnaire were valid on a critical value (N=39) of .312. Forty five (45) items of listening test were also valid. Then, it was found out that the data were in normal distribution and homogeneous based on the normality testing and homogeneity testing. The writer analyzed the listening test scores of students who had good and bad habit of listening to English songs in the experimental and control groups. Multifactor Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Tukey test were applied with the level of significance α =0.05. Based on the result of data analysis, it can be concluded that the research findings are: (1) video “Fun English” is more effective than audiotape in teaching listening; (2) the students having good habit of listening to English songs have better listening comprehension than those who have bad habit of listening to English songs; and (3) there is an interaction between teaching media and students’ habit of listening to English songs in teaching listening. Based on the research findings above, it can be concluded that video “Fun English” is proved as an effective media to teach listening for the eleventh grade students of SMK PPS 1 Ngawi in the academic year of 2011/2012. The effectiveness is affected by students’ habits of listening to English songs. Therefore, it is recommended that: (1) teachers apply video “Fun English” in teaching listening ; (2) to promote students’ listening comprehension, a teacher should know the level of students’ listening habit to English songs before using video “Fun English” ; and (3) future researchers may conduct the same kind of research with different sample and condition.