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## Abstrak

# Improving The Students’ Speaking Competence Through Discussion (A Classroom Action Research At Sma Negeri 1 Yogyakarta 2011/2012)

Oleh :

**Nanik Iriani - S891008058 - Pascasarjana**
. (2) the process of learning in the class is more effective when the teacher is teaching speaking using discussion method. The indicators will be seen whether the students of XI-IPA7, SMA Negeri 1 Yogyakarta can demonstrate in a range of speaking activities and conduct a sustained conversation meaning that fluency as well as grammar and vocabulary gets improved.
The research was carried out at SMA Negeri 1 Yogyakarta located in Jalan HOS Cokroaminoto 10 Yogyakarta from July 15 - December 28 2011. In this study, the researcher uses method of classroom action research.. The planning is as follows: 1. The researcher makes the first reflection on the problem; 2. The researcher goes to the field of the study, 3. The researcher tries to find the solution, 4. The researcher arranges planning, 5. Action, 6. Observation, 7. The researcher makes reflection, and 8. Re-Planning.
There are two types of data collected in this research, quantitative and qualitative. Quantitative data is the value of the test, and qualitative data is information on the effectiveness of learning process in the class when the teacher is teaching speaking using discussion. The quantitative data (mark/value) is collected by using technique of test, and the qualitative data (information on the application of discussion technique in the process of teaching and learning) is collected by using observation and interview. Quantitative data is analyzed using descriptive statistic technique. The procedure is as follows: the mean is found out, that is the sum of the values obtained is divided by the number of the values. The mean describes the central location of the data,.
The study results can be concluded that the students of XI-IPA7 SMA negeri 1 Yogyakarta who were taught using discussion method are more active speaking and look enthusiastic in taking part during the lesson. Discussion method makes the situation of teaching and learning more alive and there is interaction among students in their group.
In the end, the research findings imply that discussion method is good way to develop speaking competence. It can be proven with the result achieved by the students of XI-IPA 7 SMA Negeri 1 Yogyakarta. Therefore, it is recommended that a teacher use discussion technique to give learners opportunities to generate and share their ideas. Students are suggested to work in group to develop collaborative skills in the classroom, and the research findings can be used as reference for those who will conduct another research with similar problem.