Improving Students’ Writing Skill Through Guided Writing (a Classroom Action Research at the Tenth Grade Students of SMA N 2 Boyolali in the Academic Year of 2011/2012)
Fitri Mahdawati - X2210014 - Pascasarjana
This thesis is written based on the research that had been done by the
writer as an English teacher in SMA N 2 Boyolali. This thesis aims to (1) describe
whether guided writing can improve writing skill of class X2 students at SMA N 2
Boyolali in the academic year of 2011/2012; and (2) describe the class situation
when guided writing is implemented in the writing class.
The method used in this research is collaborative action research. It was
conducted with the English teacher of SMA N 2 Boyolali (teacher PR). It was
done in one cycle that consists of four meetings due to the time limitedness. The
cycle consists of four steps: planning, action, observing, and reflecting. The data
of this thesis were in the form of qualitative and quantitative. The qualitative data
were collected through interview, observation, questionnaire, and documentation.
The quantitative data were collected through a test. The qualitative data were
analyzed through assembling the data, coding the data, comparing the data,
building interpretation, and reporting the outcomes. The quantitative data were
analyzed through descriptive statistics.
The research findings showed that guided writing could (1) improve
students’ writing skill and (2) improve class situation. Related to the improvement
of students’ writing skill, it includes: (a) The students found it easier to develop
the idea, it relates to the first step, model paragraph (b) The students found it
easier to organize their sentences to make a good paragraph, it relates to the
second step, comprehension questions (c) The students found it easier to choose
the vocabulary (d) They made fewer mistakes in mechanics, this is related to the
step of language based exercises and oral composition (e) Their mistakes in
grammar reduced, it relates to the step of written composition. Related to the
improvement of class situation, it includes (a) The students enjoyed the teaching
and learning process, (b) The students were happy to get the teacher’s
explanation, (c) They were more active. From those findings, it can be concluded
that guided writing can improve both students writing skill and class situation.
Based on the findings above, the writer suggests that guided writing
should be implemented in a good planning. It means that the teacher should
optimize the use of guided writing as well as the teaching and learning process.
Guided writing for improving students’ writing skill is useful since it can bring a