James Madison’s Political Philosophy In Federalist Paper No. 10 And Its Influence Behind The Making Of Us Constitution

Oleh :
Puspa Hanandhita - C.0305056 - Fak. Sastra dan Seni Rupa

There were many founding fathers playing important role in shaping this Constitution, but Madison appeared to be one of the most influential figures. Pinned as the Father of Constitution, he wrote several scribbles to accompany him to the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia and suggested that the Articles of Confederation must be replaced with the whole new Constitution and better governmental system. What are James Madison‟s political philosophy revealed in Federalist Paper no. 10? How does United States Constitution realize James Madison‟s political philosophy? There were only few studies about US Constitution and Madison‟s role in convincing US founding fathers to ratify the Constitution. How his ideas helped the US to have the new established government through the shaping of Constitution. This is what this research is conducted for. This research is a descriptive qualitative research that uses historical records and facts happened around the Constitutional Convention, before and after. This research uses Federalist Paper no. 10 as well as the Constitution of the United States as main data in observing Madison‟s political philosophy. This research involves discovering the significance of James Madison‟s political philosophy behind the Constitution making. Several approaches have been used in this research. Those approaches are historical, biographical, political, and philosophical approaches. Madison‟s political philosophy stated on Federalist Paper no. 10 brings further implications toward United States‟ political system. From the analysis, it can be concluded that Madison‟s political philosophies stated in Federalist Paper no. 10 are: the nature of faction (the state of nature), people‟s different faculties, and extended republican government as the fittest form for United States. Some ideas of Madison‟s are being referred in the Constitution of U.S., particularly the idea of extended republican government.