Improving The Students’ Reading Comprehension By Using Know, Want To Know, And Learn (Kwl) Technique

Oleh :
Pancarini Dyah Rahayuningsih - S891102033 - Pascasarjana

The objectives of this research are: (1) to identify whether the KWL can improve students’ reading comprehension; and (2) to describe the class situation when the KWL is used in the teaching and learning process of reading comprehension in the class. The subject of the research was the first grade of SMA N 3 Sragen, Central Java, in the academic year of 2011/2012. The research was conducted in two cycles: the first cycle consisted of three meetings, and so was the second cycle. The procedures of the research consisted of planning, acting, observing, and reflecting. To collect the data of students’ reading competence, some instruments namely: tests, questionnaire, interview, and class observation were used. To analyze the quantitative data which were taken from the result of students’ score, the researcher applied a descriptive statictics to know their enhancement in reading. Meanwhile, the researcher employed three action steps of data analysis: (1) reducing the data; (2) presenting the data; and (3) making the conclusion to analyze the qualitative data. The result of the research shows that: (1) KWL technique could enhance students’ reading comprehension in term of raising students’ achievement in the case of finding out: (a) explicit information; (b) reference of pronouns; (c) words meaning; (d) main idea in the paragraph; and (e) implicit information in the text; and (2) KWL technique could enhance class situation, in term of: (a) the students’ attention that make them concentrate on the lesson; (b) their participation and interaction when having and responding teacher’s questions; and (c) the motivation to join the teaching and learning process in the class. The research comes to the conclusion that there are some improvements of the students in reading comprehension using the KWL technique. It means that the KWL can improve the students’ comprehension in comprehending English texts optimally. Based on the result of the research, it is recommended that the teachers and students should use the KWL as one of good alternative technique in teaching reading comprehension.