Abstrak


Peningkatan keterampilan menulis argumentasi berwawasan multikultural dengan menerapkan model cooperative learning teknik two stay two stray pada siswa kelas X pemasaran 3 SMK Negeri 3 Surakarta tahun ajaran 2012/2013


Oleh :
Suryo Daru Santoso - S841202020 - Pascasarjana

Penelitian tindakan kelas ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan kualitas proses pembelajaran dan keterampilan menulis argumentasi berwawasan multikultural dengan menerapkan model cooperative learning teknik two stay two stray pada siswa kelas X Pemasaran 3 SMK Negeri 3 Surakarta. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada awal bulan Januari 2013 hingga pertengahan Mei 2013. Subjek penelitian adalah guru bahasa Indonesia dan siswa kelas X Pemasaran 3 SMK Negeri 3 Surakarta. Data berupa RPP, foto, hasil tes, catatan lapangan, daftar nilai, dan catatan hasil wawancara. Sumber data meliputi: informan, peristiwa pembelajaran, dan dokumen. Teknik pengumpulan data melalui observasi, wawancara, tes, dan dokumen. Uji validitas data menggunakan triangulasi metode dan triangulasi sumber data. Teknik analisis data dengan teknik analisis kritis dan teknik deskriptif komparatif. Indikator ketercapaian sebesar 80%. Prosedur penelitian meliputi persiapan, survei awal, pelaksanaan siklus, pengamatan, dan pelaporan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa, penerapan model cooperative learning teknik two stay two stray dapat meningkatkan kualitas proses pembelajaran menulis argumentasi berwawasan multikultural. Penelitian ini juga menunjukkan bahwa dengan menerapkan model dan teknik di atas, dapat meningkatkan keterampilan menulis argumentasi berwawasan multikultural pada siswa kelas X Pemasaran 3 SMK Negeri 3 Surakarta. Pada pratindakan jumlah siswa yang memperoleh nilai di atas KKM (70) sebanyak 12 siswa (30%) dengan nilai rata-rata sebesar 61,20. Pada siklus I siswa yang memperoleh nilai di atas KKM meningkat menjadi 18 siswa (46%) kenaikan sebesar 16%. Nilai rata-rata kelas sebesar 65,4 belum mencapai KKM. Pada siklus II sebanyak 29 siswa (74%) atau meningkat sebesar 28% dari siklus I, dengan nilai rata-rata kelas naik menjadi 71. Setelah dilakukan uji kompetensi siklus III, siswa yang dapat mencapai nilai KKM sebanyak 34 siswa (87%) dengan nilai rata-rata 77,4. Pada siklus III ini pencapaian nilai baik secara kualitas proses maupun hasil telah mencapai ketuntasan yang lebih dari 80%. Selanjutnya, dapat disimpulkan bahwa model cooperative learning teknik two stay two stray dapat meningkatkan kualitas proses dan hasil pembelajaran menulis argumentasi berwawasan multikultural. The objective of this research is to investigate the quality of the process and the skill of the 10 th -grade students of SMK Negeri 3 Surakarta majoring in marketing to write argumentation with multicultural conceptions by implementing the cooperative learning model of two stay two stray technique. This research was conducted from the beginning of January 2013 to the mid May 2013. The samples of this research consisted of the Indonesian language teacher and the 10 th -grade students of SMK Negeri 3 Surakarta majoring in marketing. The data of this research consisted of the lesson plan, the photographs, the results of the test, the field note, the list of scores, and the record of the interviews. The data of this research were gathered from informant, learning event, and document through observation, interview, test, and document. The validity of this research was tested by using the method and data source triangulations. The data were then analyzed by using the critical analysis technique and the comparative descriptive technique. The indicator of achievement reached 80%. The procedure of this research consisted of preparation, initial survey, implementation of cycle, observation, and reporting. The results of this research are as follows: (1) the number of students who achieve the score above the minimal completeness criterion score (70) in the precycle stage is 12 students (30%) with the average score as much as 61.20; (2) the number of students who achieve the score above the minimal completeness criterion score in the first cycle rises up to 18 students (46%) or there is an increase as much as 16% from the number in the pre-cycle stage with the class average score of 65.4 which has not reached the minimal completeness score; (3) the number of students who achieve the score above the minimal completeness criterion score in the second cycle rises up to 29 students (74%) or there is an increase as much as 28% from the number in the first cycle with the class average score of 71; and (4) the number of students who achieve the score above the minimal completeness criterion score in the third cycle rises up to 34 students (87%) with the average score of 77.4. The score achievement in this third cycle has achieved completeness of more than 80%. Based on the results of the research, a conclusion is drawn that the implementation of the cooperative learning model of two stay two stray technique can increase the quality of the learning process and the learning result of writing argumentation with multicultural conceptions.