The effectiveness of inquiry-based teaching and learning to teach reading viewed from Students’ motivation (an experimental study in smpn 26 surakarta in 2008/2009 academic year)
Vera Dwi Martani - S.890907032 - Pascasarjana
This research is intended to determine the effectiveness of inquiry-based teaching and learning to teach reading viewed from students’ motivation. The teaching method as the experimental variable is of two kinds: Inquiry-based Teaching and Learning and Traditional Method. The motivation as the attribute variable is divided into high and low motivation.
The research was carried out at SMPN 26 Surakarta, from May 2008 up to February 2009. The research method used was an experimental study. The population was the ninth grade students of SMPN 26 Surakarta in 2008-2009 academic year. The sample was taken with the cluster random sampling technique. They were 36 students equally distributed into four groups. The technique of collecting data was a non-test (a questionnaire) and a test technique (a reading test). The questionnaire consisted of 47 items and the reading test consisted of 40 items with four options each. The two instruments were valid and reliable after both were tried out. The data were the result of the reading test, which were analyzed by multifactor analysis of variance 2 x 2. Then, it was analyzed by using Tukey test to determine which method is better or more effective.
Based on the result of inferential analysis of the data, there are some conclusions that can be drawn. First, inquiry-based teaching and learning is more effective than traditional method for teaching reading. Second, inquiry-based teaching and learning is more effective than traditional method for teaching reading for students having high motivation. Third, traditional method is more effective than inquiry-based teaching and learning for students having low motivation. There is an interaction between the method of teaching and motivation. The inquiry-based teaching and learning is effective for students having high motivation and traditional method is effective for those having low motivation.
It is hoped that the result of the study can be useful for teachers to determine and select the suitable teaching method for their students. The study shows that the effect of teaching methods depends on the degree of motivation. Therefore, the teachers should choose the teaching method, which is suitable for high or low motivated students.