The use of round table technique to improve students’ writing skill (An Action Research in the Tenth Grade of SMA Negeri Kebakkramat in Academic Year 2013/2014)

Oleh :
Neta Elisabeth Putri - K2210056 - Fak. KIP

The method used in this study is action research. The subject of this study
are students of class X-7 of SMA Negeri Kebakkramat in academic year
2013/2014. The students’ composition of X-7 is 26 girls and 10 boys students.
The action research was conducted in 2 cycles. Each cycle was done in 3
meetings. Every cycle consisted of four stages: planning, acting, observing, and
reflecting. The data were collected through observation, interview, diary, and test.
The tests were conducted before the action (pre-test) and after each cycle (posttest
1 and post-test 2). The results of the tests were analyzed to find out the
students’ improvements on writing after Round Table technique was
The findings of the research show that there are positive improvements on
students’ writing skill. This result is supported by the students’ score which
increased significantly. The students’ mean score on pre-test was 56. Meanwhile,
the students’ score on post-test 1 was 71 and 82 on post-test 2. By following
Round Table procedures, the students learnt the writing stages of composing a
text. The students were able to provide adequate detail information, express their
ideas using various vocabularies, produce longer text with less grammatical
mistakes, and produce interesting plot which suits the goal of the text. When
Round Table technique was used, the students were actively involved. Round
Table technique as both cooperative and collaborative learning technique also
created a learner-centered classroom in which the students participated in the
teaching and learning process. In following Round Table procedures, the students
took turn to jot down phrases on the storyboard and write sentence in drafting.
After that, the students had group discussion in the editing process.
The conclusions of this research are the use of Round Table technique
with some adaptations can improve the students’ writing skill, create an active
learning and learner-centered classroom in teaching writing in the tenth grade of
SMA Negeri Kebakkramat.
Keywords: round table technique, writing skill, action research