Oleh :

**Irma Rahmawati - K2211046 - Pascasarjana**

ABSTRACT

Irma Rahmawati. K2211046. THE USE OF COLLABORATIVE

STRATEGIC READING: CHANGING STUDENTS’ READING

COMPREHENSION AND MOTIVATION (An Experimental Research at the

Eighth Grade of SMPN 1 Barat in the Academic Year of 2014/2015). Thesis.

Surakarta: Teacher Training and Education Faculty, Sebelas Maret University

Surakarta, October 2015.

The objective of this research is to identify: (1) whether there is significant

difference in reading comprehension achievement between students taught using

Collaborative Strategic Reading (CSR) and direct instruction method; (2) which

method, CSR or direct instruction method, is more effective to be applied in

teaching reading; and (3) which group, control group or experimental group, has

higher motivation.

This research is a quasi experimental research with pos-test only and

control group design which is conducted at SMPN 1 Barat in the academic year of

2014/2015. This research uses mixed methods approach which applies concurrent

nested strategy with the quantitative data as the priority. The population is the

eighth grade students of SMPN 1 Barat. The number of the total population is 273

students coming from eight classes. The sampling method used in this research is

cluster random sampling. From the population, two classes are taken randomly as

the sample. The samples are class VIII C as the experimental group which

consists of 33 students, and class VIII F as the control group which consists of 33

students. The research instruments used to collect the data in this research are test

and questionnaire. The techniques of the data analysis used are descriptive and

inferential statistics and the data are analyzed by using t-test formula.

The finding of the research shows the following: (1) there is a significant

difference in reading comprehension between the students taught using

Collaborative Strategic Reading (CSR) and the students taught using direct

instruction method at the eighth grade of SMP Negeri 1 Barat in the academic

year of 2014/2015 with the t-value or t

= 4.432 ; (2) CSR is more effective to be

applied in teaching reading than direct instruction method, since the mean score of

the experimental group (65.455) is higher than the mean score of the control

group (55.545); and (3) the students taught using CSR have higher motivation

than the students taught using direct instruction method, since the mean score of

the experimental group (151.667) is higher than the mean score of the control

group (142.848).