Abstrak


The impact of problem based learning (pbl) and self-actualization on students’ speaking skill (An Experimental Study at the Second Semester of Uniska Kediri in the Academic Year of 2014/2015)


Oleh :
Citra Kurnia Devie - S.891402015 - Pascasarjana

The objective of this study is to reveal whether: (1) Problem Based
Learning technique ismore effective than Discussion technique to teach speaking;
(2) The students having high self-actualization have better speaking skill than
those having low self-actualization; and (3) There is an interaction between
teaching techniques and students’ self-actualization in teaching speaking.
This research applied an experimental study. The research was done in
Universitas Islam Kadiri (UNISKA) Kediri. The population was the second
semester students in the academic year of 2014/2015 totally consisting of 80
students. The sampling used was cluster random sampling. The samples were 40
students where 20 students were in the experimental class (2.B1) and 20 students
were in the control class (2.B2). Students in each class were categorized into two
groups: students having high and low self-actualization. The instruments used
were self-actualization questionnaire and speaking test which were designed by
the researcher. Before being applied, those instruments had been tried out to know
the readability of the test instruction, the validity and reliability of selfactualization
questionnaire. The data obtained were analyzed using ANOVA 2x2
and continued by using TUKEY test.
The result of data analysis shows that: (1) Problem Based Learning
technique is more effective than Discussion technique to teach speaking; (2) The
students having high self-actualization have better speaking skill than those
having low self-actualization; and (3) There is an interaction between teaching
techniques and students’ self-actualization in teaching speaking.
Based on the result of the research, some suggestions can be considered by
the teachers, the students, and the next researchers. Those suggestions are related
to the clarity of teacher’s instructions, students’ bravery to ask, and the usage of
another Problem Based Learning teaching step by the researchers. By considering
the suggestions, it is hoped that any deviation of the result of the next research can
be minimized.
Keywords: Problem Based Learning technique, Classroom Discussion technique,
speaking, self-actualization, experimental study