The Influenced of Middle East Ulemas towards Political Islamic Movement at Jogjakarta and Surakarta

Oleh :
Istadiyantha - 195410151982111001 - Fak. Ilmu Budaya

The Influenced of Middle East Ulemas towards Political Islamic
Movement at Jogjakarta and Surakarta
Dr. Istadiyantha, M.S. – Universitas Sebelas Maret
Political Islamic Movementisa movement that has an ideal/goal to establish Islamic Syareat
and struggle for Islamic country.The struggling can be local, national and global/International
scale. There are movements that their dakwah area only in local scale, such as: FPI (Front
Pembela Islam)1, FPIS (Front Pemuda Islam Surakarta), Lasykar Jundullah, and KPPSI
(Komite Persiapan Pelaksanaan Syariat Islam). There are movements, that their dakwah area
in national scale, such as: LJ (Laskar Jihad), HTI (Hizbui Tahrir Indonesia), MMI (Majelis
Mujahidin Indonesia), and JAT (Jamaah Ansharut Tauhid), And movements that their
dakwah area at global/international scale, such as: JI (Jamaah Islamiyah), Alqaedah, HT
(Hizbut Tahrir), Syiah, and IM (Ikhwanul Muslimin). One movement and others have an
ideal of establishing Islamic syareat untill Islamic country/nation.
Political Islamic Movementat Yogyakarta and Surakarta has been investigated and it got
influenced from Salafiyah or Wahabiyah, Hizbu Tahrir, and Ikhwanul Muslimin’ movements.
Al-Ikhwan at the beginning not as a new movement because it is as the result of improvement
from other movements that have appeared at the Middle East before, such as: Wahabiyah,
Sanusiyah,and Mahdiyah. Like Wahabiyah’ movement, it is not suddenly appeared as new
teaching, but it is as an effort for strengthen towards the existing ideology, mainly Salafiyah,
this ideology pioneered by Imam Ahmad Bin Hanbal. And HTI as the separated of Al-
Ikhwan that has ideology to the Islamic Government world) to lift upkhilafah Islamiyah
(Islamic Government world/pemerintahan Islam di dunia),this movement came from
Palestina to Indonesia. Finally, HTI also developed up to internasional level, that is separated
from Al-Ikhwan’ organization.
Keywords: Political Islamic Movement; Khilafah Islamiyah.