Communication Strategies Used by English Learners at Basic English Course (BEC) Pare Kediri

Oleh :
Widiarini - S891108119 - Pascasarjana

The purposes of this research are (1) to identify types of communication strategies used by English learners and (2) to describe the process how the application of communication strategies to achieve communicative goal. By adopting the integrated view of communication strategies, communication strategies excerpts are not only identified and examined to identify types of communication strategies used but these also to describe how learners and their interlocutor used communication strategies to co-construct meaning. This research was qualitative case study which focuses study on single case is that communication strategies phenomenon. Four learners of Training Course program were selected as participants of the research. Data of the research was the utterances that contained communication strategies produced by English learners while they were accomplishing communicative task. To get the data of the research, various techniques of collecting data were employed; they were observation with video recording, and interview (retrospective interview The results show that various kinds of communication strategies proposed by Dornyei and Kormos (1998) are used by English learners while they are accomplishing their communicative task, discussion. In addition, communication strategies used by learners in some cases are able to be accepted by their interlocutor, while in some others the initial communication strategies used by learner are not accepted so that it should be followed by negotiation meaning process and refashion the utterances. Keywords: communication, strategy, interactive communication, communicative task, case study, English learners