An Analysis of English Teaching Strategies at Vocational High School of Art

Oleh :
Distia Apriyandini - K2211028 - Fak. KIP

The objectives of this study are: (1) to investigate the teaching strategies at the SMK Negeri 8/SMKI Surakarta, (2) to the analyse influence factors of the teaching strategies, and (3) to describe the implementation of teaching strategies at the classroom practice. This research was conducted from October to November 2015 at SMK Negeri 8/SMKI Surakarta. This research is a case study at two English teachers in that school. The sources of the data were informants, events, and documents. The data collection method used observation, interview, questionnaire, and document analysis. The data were analysed by using interactive model (Miles and Huberman) consists of data reduction, data display, and drawing conclusion and verifying. The results of the study show that the teacher use teaching strategies cover planning, teaching practice and assessment. The findings of the study are: (1) There are six teaching strategies used by the teachers at the SMK Negeri 8/SMKI. Those strategies are a) teaching document strategies, b) questioning strategies, c) using students language repertoire, d) individual assistance, e) motivational strategies, and f) assessment strategies. (2) The factors that influence the teachers in deciding the use of teaching strategies are curriculum, the students differences, teaching material, and school facilities. (3) The implementation of teaching document i.e. syllabus and lesson plan, the teachers adjust to the condition and facilities of the school. The use of questioning strategies is in form of recalling students memories, asking vocabularies, procedural knowledge, help them to construct new knowledge, and asking them to think critically. The use of students language repertoire as the alternative from the material which are still general and to relate the material to the art field that can help the students learn English contextually. Individual assistance strategies are used when the students find difficulties during the teaching learning process at the class. The teachers will approach the student and give personal explanation until the student understands the material taught. Motivational strategies are used to gain students attending and motivation to learn English. The teachers give encouragement, advice, and cooperate with teacher productive class to remind students attendance. The last strategies are assessment strategies which are conducted based on the assessment techniques of K-13. The assessment covers knowledge, skill, and attitude. Based on the results of the research, the teachers need to maximize the strategies that support the implementation of K-13 at the school. Keywords: teaching strategies, vocational high school of art.