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R And P Learning Model Based on Contemporary Puppet Show for the Students of Bahasa Indonesia For Non-Native Speakers to Improve the Understanding of Indonesian Culture
Nugraheni Eko Wardani - 197007162002122001 - Fak. KIP
This study aims to (1) define and describe Indonesian learning model for non-native speakers using the cultural aspects which have been implemented; (2) explain and describe the development of Indonesian learning model for non-native speakers using the contemporary puppet-based as an alternative to BIPA learning based on Indonesian culture.
This research belongs to development research. The development is done through three stages as presented namely (1) the early development phase; (2) the validation phase of the research; and (3) the production phase. The data source is in the form of informant of BIPA teachers, BIPA students, contemporary puppeteer, and the experts to validate the data. The documents data is in the form of BIPA textbooks. The events such as BIPA learning in UNS and a puppet show performed BIPA students. The data collection technique is through observation, interviews, document analysis, focus group discussions, and questionnaires. The analysis of the data used interactive analysis.
The results of the research showed that learning Indonesian for non-native speakers
that have been implemented have not reach the aspects of active learning to make the students close to the puppet directly. Students usually just saw through the video or the image of a puppet show. The cultural aspect learning is only by knowing Indonesian dishes, cooking Indonesian food, knowing the traditional market, and others. Thus, the researchers carried out the development of BIPA learning model based on puppet including the aspects of Indonesian culture with the Receptive and Productive models or R and P models. This model is an active learning model. The receptive models is started from the level of liking, the level of enjoying, and the level of reacting integrated with scientific learning steps (5 M) : observing, asking, trying, reasoning, and communicating. The production aspect combined the integrative and interactive ways between the productive level with the mind mapping and role playing methods.
Keywords:learning model, BIPA, contemporary puppet