Permasalahan Istilah Timur Tengah

Oleh :
Istadiyantha - 195410151982111001 - Fak. Sastra dan Seni Rupa

Middle East term tends to refer to cultural domain, so it has no any certain borders. Most colllIIion definition used is regions that consist of Bahrain, Egypt, Turk, Iran (Persia), Jordanian, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabian, Syria, Union of Arab Emirates, Yemen, and Palestine. Iran is the most eastward border, sometimes Afghanistan and West Pakistan are included because their proximity (tribally and religiously) to majority of Iranian people. Also, they have historical relationship with Iran because the regions had been controlled by former kingdom of Iran. Afghanistan, Tajikistan, and West Pakistan have cultural, linguistic, and historical relationship with Iran. While Iranhas relationship with Arabic countries because of religious connection and geographical proximity. Generally, literally the region called as Middle-East consists of Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Israel and Egypt areas.Map indicated countries that believed as parts of Middle East, namely: Saudi Arabian, Yemen, Oman, Union of Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Qatar, Iraq, Kuwait. Then, North African countries were included: Morocco, Algiers, Libya, Tunisia, Mauritania, West Sahara, Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea and Djibouti. Inaddition, Iran, Pakistan and Turk were included.

Keywords: Middle-East