A tenor analysis of short story entitled cat in the rain by ernest hemingway (a study based on systemic functional linguistics)

Oleh :
Yustinus Eko Wahyu Widayat - C0398075 - Fak. Sastra dan Seni Rupa

ABSTRACT This thesis analyzes tenor of a short story. It is a descriptive qualitative research. The source of data is a short story which was written in 1925 by Ernest Hemingway entitled Cat in The Rain. This research is aimed to describe the tenor of the text which covers status, contact and affect. To reach this purpose, this research was conducted through Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL). In taking the data, the researcher applied purposive sampling technique. Purposive sampling technique is conducted by way of selecting samples based on certain criteria. The sample was taken by selecting the short story in the Ernest Hemingway’s short story collection book entitled In Our Time which deals with the marriage and the relationship between man and woman. There are three short stories that are related to the criteria. The researcher chose one of them which is entitled Cat in The Rain. In conducting the research, the research analyzed the datum based on its clause system, complexity of groups, type of logico-semantic relation and interdependency system, transitivity, Mood system, modality and polarity, lexical density, abstraction and technicality and metaphor. The interpretation leads the researcher to describe the tenor of the short story. The result of the analysis shows that there are two types of tenor of the text. They are inside the text and outside the text. Inside the text, the status between participants in the story is unequal. The participants in the story have involved contact and use a readable language. Meanwhile, the affect of the husband (George) toward the American wife is negative and the affect of the hotel keeper toward the American wife is positive. This analysis of tenor inside the text will perform a theme which will be a part of the second participant analysis. The theme of the story is woman discrimination where the women in American society at that time did not and could not have affection, love, and attention from their husband. As a result, the tenor outside the text shows that there are equal status between the writer and the theme. The affect of writer toward the theme is positive. Based on the point of view of contact, the writer does not involve the theme.