A study of politeness strategies in speech acts of directives in a movie entitled “princess diaries” by gary marshall (a socio-pragmatics approach)
Aulia Rahman - C0301019 - Fak. Sastra dan Seni Rupa
2006. This research was conducted to describe the Politeness strategies used among characters in the movie and the reason for choosing certain type of politeness strategy.
This research used the Socio-Pragmatic approach. The descriptive qualitative research and purposive sampling were employed in the research. All the conversation containing politeness strategies were taken as the source of data.
The result of the analysis can be seen as: First, there are five types of politeness strategies found in “Princess Diaries” are Bald on record strategy, Positive politeness strategy, Negative politeness strategy, Off record strategy and Say nothing strategy. Second, in applying certain politeness strategy, paralinguistic and non linguistics factors play important roles. The speaker’s behavior plays an important role in applying certain politeness strategy, ex: assisting in “alerting” strategy, laughing in “be sarcastic or joking” strategy. Politeness strategies are employed by using different types of sentences (Imperative, Declarative or Interrogative) and three different tones (High, Fair, and Low tone) that can indicate the speaker’s feeling toward the matter, whether he is ignorance, angry or sincerity. Last, the varieties of politeness strategies applied by the characters are influenced by some factors, namely, the situation where the conversation takes place (formal or informal), the relationship between the speaker and hearer (close or distant), the social factors between the speaker and hearer such as age, social distance, and status of the participants.
Based on the result above, it shows that people select one politeness strategy variety rather than another to convey their message. In sending their message, they also have to choose certain behavior in order to make the message accepted correctly and not to hurt other’s feeling.