The objective of research was to explain law protection to indigenous people in Act of Village. The research method employed was a normative law research because Act of Village becomes its focus of study. The research material used was secondary data, the one obtained from the result of literary study related to research material. Secondary data consisted of primary and secondary law materials. The instrument of collecting data used was literature review. The analysis of data and law material was conducted qualitative using hermeneutic interpretation method. The result of research showed that the existence of Indigenous People was a social reality that had longer existed than Indonesia Country had. Such the reality had gotten law protection from government. In Human Right perspective, the recognition on traditional rights of Indigenous People should be interpreted referring to Human Right law by imposing state obligation to respect, to protect, and to meet the Human Rights of indigenous people. From juridical perspective, indigenous people had gotten law protection governed in Act of Village.
Keywords: indigenous people, human rights, law protection.