A comparative study of interpersonal meaning of texts exposing cartoon issue in other opinion column and your letters column in the jJakarta post (based on systemic functional linguistics)
Dyan Hari Tjahyani - C1304016 - Fak. Sastra dan Seni Rupa
This thesis w
as a qualitative research employing a descriptive comparative
method. The research was conducted by employing Systemic Functional
Linguistic (SFL) theory, which focuses on analyzing the interpersonal meaning of
texts exposing cartoon issue in Other Opinion Column and Your Letters Column
in The Jakarta Post.
The sources of data were two texts of “Prophet Drawings” and “Don’t
Overact on Cartoon Issue” taken from Other Opinion Column and Your Letters
column in The Jakarta Post issued in February 13, 2006 and February 18, 2006.
The data were taken based on total sampling technique, since the data used are all
of the clauses taken from the texts.
In conducting the research, the researcher analyzed the data based on its
lexicogrammar, cohesion, text structure and genre to define the interpersonal
meaning covering status, affect and contact of both texts. Besides, this research
was aimed at finding out the similarities and differences of both texts.
The result of this research showed that both of the texts have unequal
status between the writer and the participants inside the text and equal status
between the writer and the readers. The degree of affect in both text showed that
the judgment of the writer to the issue is negative while the judgment to the
readers is positive. Meanwhile, seen from contact analysis, both texts also used
familiar and readable language and have involved contact.
The similarities of both texts are shown trough the lexicogrammar
description in terms of group system that is dominated by simplex nominal and
verbal groups, indicative declarative clause functioning as proposition, topical
unmarked themes, abstractions and technicalities and the employment of
ideational metaphor. From the analysis of interpersonal meaning, both of the texts
have unequal status between the writer and the participant inside the text, and
equal status between the writer and the readers. Seen from the degree of affect
both texts have negative judgment to the issue presented and positive judgment to
the readers. Further, both of texts use familiar and readable language and have
The differences can be seen from the clauses of text. Text II employs more
simplex clauses than text I. The differences of both texts are also shown by the
transitivity system. Text I employed dominant mental behavior process, while text
II employed dominant attributive relational process. The presence of interpersonal
metaphor made some differences in both texts. Other difference is shown from the
genre employed in each text. Text I employed discussion genre, while text II
employed exposition genre. Finally, the difference of both texts was about the
effectiveness and the appropriateness of texts. From the whole analysis it can be
seen that Text I is more effective and appropriate than Text II. This can be seen
through the data description and data interpretation of Text II which employed
mental behavioral process in transitivity that support the genre of the text, higher
familiar and readable language, the text structure make the text is more effective
than in Text I, and the writer strategy in expressing his ideas by revealing two
different points of view to criticize the cartoon.
After concluding, the researcher also gives some recommendation to other
students who are interested in SFL to explore other aspect of SFL especially
register, genre and Ideology.