The effectiveness of using pictures in teaching vocabulary to the sixth grade students of SDN Singkalanyar I Prambon Nganjuk viewed from their motivation (An Experimental Study)

Oleh :
Hesty Puspita Sari - S890707006 - Pascasarjana

ABSTRACT The objective of the research is to know the effectiveness of using pictures in teaching vocabulary to the sixth grade students of elementary school. The research was carried out at SDN Singkalanyar 1 Prambon Nganjuk East Java, from April 2008 to February 2009. The subject of the research is the students of class six SDN Singkalanyar I Prambon Nganjuk. There are 55 students in the sixth grade. They are divided into two classes A and B. Grade 6A consists of 22 students, they are thirteen boys and nine girls while grade 6B consists of 23 students, and they are sixteen boys and eight girls. The data were obtained from several techniques including observation, teachers’ interview, questionnaire, and test. The researcher gained quantitative data for her research. They are the students’ level of motivation and the score of students’ vocabulary test after having eight times treatment for each class. She analyzed the data using ANOVA or Multifactor Analysis of Variance and Tuckey test. Based on the result of data analysis, it can be concluded that: (1) Using picture is better than translation for teaching vocabulary to elementary students; (2) Using picture is more effective than translation to teach vocabulary for elementary students having high motivation; (3) Using translation is not more effective than using picture to teach vocabulary for students having low motivation; and (4) There is an interaction between teaching technique and motivation. The research finding of this study imply that using picture is an effective technique used to teach vocabulary to elementary students for those having high motivation and translation is not more effective to be applied to those having low motivation. Therefore, it is recommended that (1) English teachers develop various techniques to teach vocabulary to elementary students; (2) the students use picture in learning vocabulary as one of their meaningful strategies to overcome their problem in improving English vocabulary; and (3) the future researcher develop some dimensions which have not been developed in this research like using different populations’’ characteristic or students’ condition (students’ habit or interest).