The Use Of PMI (Plus, Minus, and Interesting) to Develop Students’ Critical Thinking Through Speaking Activities
Penulis Utama
:
Supartinah
NIM / NIP
:
S890907039
×ABSTRACT
The research was conducted because the students’ critical thinking is low.
The students’ low critical thinking can be seen from their speaking activities. The
students got some difficulties when they should state their idea, give their reasons,
give facts, and hold their argument. The facts can be seen from the students’ daily
activities in speaking. The research is aimed at knowing (1) whether the
technique of PMI can develop the students’ critical thinking or not; and (2) how
far the technique can influence the students’ motivation in following the English
lesson.
The research was conducted at SMP N 1 Karanganyar; the subject of the
research was the first grade of Acceleration students in the Academic year of 2008
/ 2009.The study applied action research technique to improve the students’
critical thinking using Plus, Minus, and Interesting (PMI). The research consists
of three cycles, with three meetings in every cycle consisting of planning, action,
observation and reflection in each cycle. There are two types of data in the
research, namely the quantitative and qualitative data which were collected by
observation, interview, questionnaire, and tests. The quantitative data were
analyzed using descriptive statistics, finding out the mean of the scores in the
tests. The qualitative data were analyzed using Constantcomparative technique
proposed by Strauss and Glasser consisting of the following steps: (1) comparing
incidents applicable to each category; (2) integrating categories and their
properties; (3) delimiting the theory; and (4) writing the theory.
The finding proves that the research on developing students’ critical
thinking using PMI technique at the first year students of Acceleration of SMP N
1 Karanganyar is successful viewed from several dimensions. First, PMI can
improve the students’ critical thinking. The result of the test held after each cycle
showed that the students had better and better scores. Second, PMI can improve
the students’ motivation in joining the lesson. It can be known from the students’
reflection and the result of interview. Third, PMI can improve the students’
vocabulary and pronunciation so that it implied to the improvement of their
speaking ability. The students got many new vocabularies and practiced to
pronounce many new words during their discussion. Fourth, PMI can improve the
students’ selfconfidence. The students performed their presentation better and
better for each cycle. The fact was also seen during the students’ discussion.
The result of the study showed that PMI technique was beneficial to
improve the students’ critical thinking and improve the students’ motivation in
joining the lesson. Therefore, PMI technique is very potential to be applied in
speaking class.
×
Penulis Utama
:
Supartinah
Penulis Tambahan
:

NIM / NIP
:
S890907039
Tahun
:
2010
Judul
:
The Use Of PMI (Plus, Minus, and Interesting) to Develop Students’ Critical Thinking Through Speaking Activities
Edisi
:
Imprint
:
Surakarta  Pascasarjana  2010
Program Studi
:
S2 Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris
Kolasi
:
Sumber
:
UNSPascasarjanaS.8909070392010
Kata Kunci
:
Jenis Dokumen
:
Tesis
ISSN
:
ISBN
:
Link DOI / Jurnal
:

Status
:
Public
Pembimbing
:
1. Prof. Dr. Joko Nurkamto, M.Pd. 2. Dr. Abdul Azib, M.Pd.
Penguji
:
Catatan Umum
:
Fakultas
:
Sekolah Pascasarjana
×
File
:
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