This thesis is about the violation of Cooperative Principle and Politeness Principle to create verbal humor in sitcom How I Met Your Mother(Season 1-4). The aims of this research are to find out the types of Cooperative Principle and Politeness Principle which create humor in the conversation, to analyze how both maxims of Cooperative Principle and Politeness Principle work on verbal humor analysis and to find out the intentions behind the verbal humor executed by the characters.
This is a descriptive qualitative research. It applies purposive sampling and content analysis. Purposive sampling means that the sampling taken from the data which only suit the objectives of this research. Meanwhile, content analysis is used as the technique of data analysis. It consists of four stages of analysis. There are domain analysis, taxonomy analysis, componential analysis and finding cultural value.
The result shows that all maxims of Cooperative Principle and Politeness Principle appear in the conversation which contains humor in sitcom How I Met Your Mother (Season 1-4). Moreover, there is a relation between Cooperative Principle and Politeness Principle. Both maxims of Cooperative Principle and Politeness Principle are able to create humor situation when they are violated and combined together in the conversation. They are complementary for each other to work on the analysis of verbal humor. Furthermore, six kinds of intentions are found in the research. They are to amuse someone, to change topic, to flirt someone, to give idea, to lie and to mock someone.
They are created by the different applications of maxims of Cooperative Principle and Politeness Principle. To give idea, to lie and to mock someone are the three major intentions. It is related to the context of the sitcom in which the characters are close friends and they have a good sense of humor. Thus, their jokes mostly are created from giving funny idea or statement, lying to others or hiding something and mocking each other.
Keywords: Verbal humor, cooperative principle, politeness principle, intentions