This research studies the use of the elicitations in the film entitled The Day After Tomorrow. It is conducted to find out the types of the elicitations employed by the main characters, the way the main characters deliver the elicitations with respect to the participants’ statuses and roles, and the reasons why the main characters employ certain elicitations in the film.
This research deals with socio-pragmatics approach. It is a descriptive qualitative study, and it employs a purposive sampling as the sampling technique. The data are all the dialogs containing the elicitations, verbal and non-verbal response in the film, which have significant relationship with the problem statements. There are 61 data found in the film. The 61 data having the same characteristics are then reduced by using criterion-based selection.
The data are then identified by using Tsui’s theory on elicitations to identify what types of the elicitations are employed by the main characters. The researcher uses SPEAKING formula, Brown and Levinson’s theory of politeness and the theory of intonation to reveal how the main characters employ the elicitations. The researcher also uses Holmes’ social dimensions and Fishman’s domain of language use to find out the reasons why the main characters employ the elicitations in the film. The elicitations are an adjacency pair event; therefore, Tsui’s classification of the elicitations’ responses is used to analyze the elicitations responses.
The result of this research shows that there are five types of the elicitations employed by the main characters. They are elicit: inform (30 data), elicit: confirm (14 data), elicit: agree (7 data), elicit: repeat (1 datum), elicit: clarify (9 data). It is also found that each type of the elicitations is delivered by the main characters in various ways. It is closely related to the intonation and the key ‘the facial expression and the body language’ presented by the participants when they have a conversation. It is found that the responses prospected given by the addressees and the receiver are also various. The responses found in the film are positive verbal response, positive non-verbal response, negative verbal response, and temporization verbal response. The researcher also finds that the appearances of certain types of the elicitations are influenced by some factors. They are the context of situations, the ends of the conversation, the social statuses and roles of the participants, the social dimensions and the domains of language use.
The result of this research is expected to give input dealing with the use of the elicitations and their responses prospected related to the social factors for the students, lecturers, and other researchers. The researcher suggests other researchers who are interested in socio-pragmatics study to conduct a further research on the elicitations and their responses. They may relate it with other social factors such as gender and age. They can also try to conduct a field study to study the use of the elicitations and their responses related with certain social factors in a real life.