This research aims at analyzing the directive speech acts which are advisives
and mandatives based on Tsui’s theories applied by the characters in a movie entitled
The Internship. The objectives of this research are: 1) to investigate the kinds of
directives used by the characters, 2) to describe how the characters employed the
directives and 3) to find out the reasons why the characters employed the directives to
inform his or her intention to the addressee.
This research is a descriptive qualitative research. It uses pragmatic approach
especially speech acts theories in investigating the data. The source of data in this
research is The Internship movie. The data themselves are taken from the dialogues
containing an advice, a warning, an instruction or a threat that are collected by using
purposive sampling technique. The Internship movie is chosen as the source of data
because there are a number of dialogues containing directive speech acts in the
movie. Therefore, a number of advices, warnings, instructions, and threats are found
in the movie.
The results of this research show that there are 67 data found in the movie.
They are classified into 28 advisives containing 19 advices and nine warnings, and 39
mandatives containing 34 instructions and five threats. Thus, all types of the directive
speech acts are found in the movie.
In this research, the researcher explores the verbal and non-verbal
expression. The verbal expression means that the speaker utters direct or indirect
speech acts, explicit or implicit statement, in high or low intonation. The non-verbal
realized through body movements or gesture.
The research also shows the reasons why the characters employ directive
speech acts in certain situation. They are to know the status of the participants, to
know the relationship between the participants, to know the situation when the
conversation happened, and to find out the purpose of the conversation.
Based on the findings, students are expected to explore other types of
directives, such as prohibition or requirement. Moreover, they are expected to use
other classifications of speech acts such as representatives, commisives, expressives,
or declaratives in other movies. The researcher also suggests that other researchers
take other media besides movie such as novel, daily conversation or else.
Keywords: pragmatics, advisives, mandatives